This was read on BBC Radio 4 in an abridged version a while ago - it is on my list of things to read when I have finished everything else!
'For All the Tea in China: Espionage, Empire and the Secret Formula for the World's Favourite Drink
' Sarah Rose.
The last fling of the (Honourable
) East India Company and the stealing of tea plants from China by Robert Fortune, plant hunter, botanist, spy and thief (all in a good cause of course).
It's only the west's view of the history of tea of course but it's a start.
As for coffee - regarded as addictive, mood altering and associated with wild excesses(like the enlightenment and being intellectual - the horror!) in the late 17th/early 18th century (and starting the City of London as an Exchange) - it crashed in England through tax, disease in the Empire (of coffee plants not people) and of course the HEIC pushing tea as a genteel alternative (having nicked the teas from China)
No idea why Americans took to coffee vice tea- except maybe to piss off the HEIC and Brits in general. Possibly scarcity?